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Physical Fitness and Long-term Blood Pressure Variability in Young Male Military Personnel

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 2 ]


Gen-Min Lin*, Kun-Zhe Tsai, Chin-Sheng Lin and Chih-Lu Han   Pages 156 - 160 ( 5 )


Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate the association of physical fitness with longterm Blood Pressure Variability (BPV) in young male adults.

Methods: 1,112 healthy military males, aged 18-40 years (mean age, 32 years), in Taiwan were included for the current analysis. Resting blood pressures were measured over the right upper arm in a sitting position every two years from 2012 to 2018 (2012-14, 2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-18). Long-term BPV by Standard Deviation (SDSBP and SDDBP) and Average Real Variability (ARVSBP and ARVDBP) were assessed across 4 visits during the study period. Aerobic fitness was evaluated by the time taken for a 3000-meter run test, and anaerobic fitness was evaluated by the number of 2-minute sit-ups and 2-minute push-ups.

Results: After adjusting the systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the time for a 3000-meter run was associated with ARVSBP, SDSBP, and SDDBP (β [SE]: 0.007 [0.002], 0.004 [0.002], and 0.005 [0.002], respectively, all p <0.05) but not with ARVDBP. In addition, the number of 2-minute sit-ups was inversely associated with ARVSBP (β [SE]: -0.041 [0.017], p =0.01) but not with ARVDBP, SDSBP, and SDDBP. There was no association of the number of 2-minute push-ups with the BPV indexes. After additionally adjusting the age, body mass index, and other covariates, all the associations were found to be not significant.

Conclusion: It was found that there was no association of physical fitness with long-term BPV in young male military personnel. Previous studies have shown no association with cardiorespiratory fitness in the elderly. This study further increased the knowledge of a null association between anaerobic fitness and long-term BPV.


Aerobic fitness, anaerobic fitness, average real variability, blood pressure variability, military personnel, young males.


Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, Department of Medicine, Hualien Armed Forces General Hospital, Hualien, Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei

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