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Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Risk in Octogenarians by Risk Factors Control

Author(s):

Pasquale Palmiero*, Annapaola Zito, Maria Maiello, Annagrazia Cecere, Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Roberto Pedrinelli, Pietro Scicchitano and Marco Matteo Ciccone   Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Primary prevention of cardiovascular events in older adults is a relevant problem, because of lack of evidence for safe and efficacious therapy, its costs and elderly quality of life, Italy’s aging population is constantly increasing, so cardiovascular disease (CVD) primary prevention in the elderly is a prime objective. Life expectancy has dramatically increased over the last 2 decades,the proportion of individuals aged 80 years and older has grown rapidly in Europe and United States,but cost / effective ratio of CVD prevention through risk factors control is debated. It is therefore important to implement cardiovascular risk factors estimation in the elderly to maximize quality of life of patients and to lengthen their healthy life expectancy, choosing the better treatment for each patient sharing the choice with himself when it is possible, always remembering that elderly patients often have multiple co-morbidities that require a high number of concurrent medications; this may increase the risk for drug-drug interactions, thereby reducing the potential benefits of CVD prevention therapy. Anyway CVD are not an inevitable concomitant of aging. Sometimes autopsy in the elderly reveals atheroma-free coronary arteries,a normal-sized heart and unscarred valves. All primary prevention strategy decisions should consider estimated life expectancy and overall function not only cardiovascular event risks, magnitude and time to benefit or harm, potentially altered adverse effect profiles, and informed patient preferences.CVD primary prevention need to be more implemented in the elderly, this might contribute to improve health status and quality of life in this growing population if correctly performed.

Keywords:

primary prevention, cardiovascular risk, octogenarians, risk factors control, hypertension.

Affiliation:

ASL BRINDISI, Cardiology Equipe, District of Brindisi, Via Dalmazia 3, 72100 Brindisi, Cardiovascular Diseases Section, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), University of Bari, ASL BRINDISI, Cardiology Equipe, District of Brindisi, Via Dalmazia 3, 72100 Brindisi, Cardiovascular Diseases Section, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), University of Bari, Department of Surgical, Medical and Dental Department of Morphological Sciences related to Transplant, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Cardiology Department, University of Pisa, Cardiovascular Diseases Section, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), University of Bari, Cardiovascular Diseases Section, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), University of Bari



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