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Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy Current Practice Review

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Kim Turner* and Afshan B. Hameed   Pages 80 - 88 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Hypertensive disorders (preeclampsia, eclampsia, gestational hypertension, and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia) complicate 3-5% of all pregnancies and are a significant cause of maternal mortality and morbidity. Preeclampsia is a multi-system disorder characterised by new onset hypertension after the 20th week of pregnancy with proteinuria. Proteinuria is defined as 300 mg or more of protein in a 24-hour urine collection or a protein: creatinine ratio of 0.3 mg/dL using a spot urine specimen. Hypertensive disorders have a complex pathophysiology that results from abnormal placen- tation and a maternal response that develops into a clinicalsyndrome for which there is no single test or “cure”. In high income countries, low rates of maternal mortality from hy- pertensive disease in pregnancy illustrate the importance of pregnant women being able to readily access antenatal care.

Conclusion: There remains the need to develop evidence-based clinical guidelines for detection, prophylaxis and management worldwide.

Keywords:

Global burden of disease, pathophysiology, risk factors, reducing the risk of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, diagnosis, complications, monitoring, management, breast feeding and anti-hypertensives, care of women in the postnatal period.

Affiliation:

University of Southern California - Global Health Los Angeles, California, CA 90012, Department of Obstetrics, University of California Irvine - California, CA 90012

Graphical Abstract:



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